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All operations that can be invoked on SQL Server are communicated to it via a Microsoft-defined format, called Tabular Data Stream (TDS).TDS is an application layer protocol, used to transfer data between a database server and a client. for their Sybase SQL Server relational database engine in 1984, and later by Microsoft in Microsoft SQL Server, TDS packets can be encased in other physical transport dependent protocols, including TCP/IP, named pipes, and shared memory.As of October 2017 The current version is Microsoft SQL Server 2017, released October 2, 2017. Microsoft makes SQL Server available in multiple editions, with different feature sets and targeting different users.These editions are: SQL Server Enterprise Edition includes both the core database engine and add-on services, with a range of tools for creating and managing a SQL Server cluster.Starting early 2016, Microsoft made this version free of charge to the public.SQL Server Evaluation Edition, also known as the Trial Edition, has all the features of the Enterprise Edition, but is limited to 180 days, after which the tools will continue to run, but the server services will stop.Data storage is a database, which is a collection of tables with typed columns.SQL Server supports different data types, including primary types such as Integer, Float, Decimal, Char (including character strings), Varchar (variable length character strings), binary (for unstructured blobs of data), Text (for textual data) among others.
The compact edition is an embedded database engine.It includes the Standard Edition capabilities and Business Intelligence tools: Power Pivot, Power View, the BI Semantic Model, Master Data Services, Data Quality Services and x Velocity in-memory analytics.SQL Server Express Edition is a scaled down, free edition of SQL Server, which includes the core database engine.Unlike the other editions of SQL Server, the SQL CE engine is based on SQL Mobile (initially designed for use with hand-held devices) and does not share the same binaries.Due to its small size (1 MB DLL footprint), it has a markedly reduced feature set compared to the other editions.